Factors that affect Student Learning

Dean Traylor By Dean Traylor, 1st Dec 2010 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/givfjl47/
Posted in Wikinut>News>Education

What can prevent a child from learning in school?

Factors that affect Student Learning

Students between the ages of 5 and 18 years of age are expected to learn in school. It is their primary job in society, and it’s possibly the one thing that will prepare them to become productive members in their adult years. What they learn will also determine the choices they’ll make when they enter the workforce or continue onto higher education.
In order for students to learn there are several factors that must be considered. Most of these factors are external; they deal with social or cultural values. Also, it may be determined by the school’s environment as well as the teachers and administrators that teach them. Still, another important factor falls upon the student’s ability and willingness to learn.
Here are several factors that can affect the way a student learns during these formidable years.
SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS
Students come from various backgrounds. Some are poor while others come from affluent household. They may come from strong family structures in which the parents are professionals or are highly educated, while others students may come from a single parent household and/or have parents with limited educational background.
Students from affluent neighborhood will most likely have more educational support and resources to help them through school. Often, these neighborhoods have more tutoring companies, afterschool activities, and education stores than the working class or poor neighborhoods.
Also, an affluent neighborhood will be filled with highly educated people. In many respects, students in these neighborhoods are expected to continue their education at college or university level. In struggling, impoverished neighborhoods, education may be seen more as a way to get a job after high school. In some cases, the idea of getting an education is secondary. Economically surviving is more important.
PARENT’S EDUCATION
Often, the affluent parent will have access to educational resources for his/her child. Also, the parent in from this sector of society will most likely educate his/her child directly or indirectly. It is more likely that these parents will have higher regards for education, set educational goals for the child and/or be models.
Also, it is more likely a child with doctors as parents will end up pursuing higher education – and possibly medical school, than the child whose parents’ education stopped at a high school diploma. This is not to say that a child’s education is predetermined by the parents’ education; however, it is merely one factor that can affect the student’s desire to learn.
SCHOOL STRUCTURE AND RESOURCES
The condition and availability of resources at a school can play a major factor. One classroom this writer had comes to mind: It was small, cramped and its entrance was through another classroom. On top of that, it was near the train tracks on one side and the wood and metal shop on the side. It was noisy, and students were easily distracted. Teaching in this classroom was equally tough. A well equipped class with space and the least amount of distractions will usually help students – especially those with learning disabilities -- to focus on instructions.
SAFETY
Safety, or the sense of feeling safe, can affect student learning. Having taught at a school that was once plagued by riots, student fights, and gang problems, this writer had seen what happened when student safety has been compromised. While some students sought refuge in teachers’ classes during lunch or when these incidents occur, others simply stopped coming to school.
If students feel safe, they will not have to worry about conflicts on campus. If they are the target of bullying, afraid of being caught up in an upheaval such as school-wide fights or riots, then they will be more worried about these problems rather than what’s being taught in English or Math class.
LEARNING DISABILITIES
Learning disabilities can affect the way a student learns. A disability may affect a student’s ability to either learn visually or audibly. Also, a student’s memory, attention and capacity to retain information can be greatly affected.
LANGUAGE BARRIERS
If students’ language abilities are affected, they will have trouble retaining the lesson. In many cases, students labeled as English Language Learners may not grasp the language well enough to understand what is being taught. Sometimes, this refers to students who have had the ability to acquire the language but have not learned the rules associated with it. Communication between the teacher and students can be greatly hindered by this particular factor.
TEACHERS/ADMINISTRATION
A teacher’s skills, expertise, and willingness can help students learn. In the art of teaching, anything a teacher does is going to be scrutinized by the students. If the teacher serves as an ideal role model, demonstrates competence, as well as confidence, in the subject he or she is teaching, the students will respond positively. This rule applies to administrators as well.
Still, there’s another factor that doesn’t always get raised. In secondary schools (high school and middle school), in which teachers are expected to teach a particular subject – and be an expert in it -- administrators will often place these teachers in unfamiliar subjects. Sometimes, a math teacher discovers one year he has to teach social science, or English must teach Science. This can cause confusion and unfamiliarity among these teachers. On top of that, it can affect students’ abilities to learn the subject if the teacher is not an expert in it.
STUDENT’S WILLINGNESS TO LEARN
Up to this point, most of the factors that may affect student learning dealt with external causes, language barriers, and learning disabilities. However, a very critical factor – some may say the most important one – is the student’s willingness to learn. If a student is eager, motivated, or goal oriented, the likelihood is that student will learn. If not, the student may regurgitate the education given to him or her but not retain it.
Student learning is a multi-faceted system. A student may prosper when several of these factors are in play. Even if one factor is missing, he or she will be able to learn. However, in the long run, the willingness to learn may trump all other factors, for it is up to the individual to overcome difficulties and reach the educational goal that he or she wants.

Tags

Education, Education System

Meet the author

author avatar Dean Traylor
For the last 16 years, I've been involved in the world of education. First, I was a substitute teacher, then, for the last 10 years I became a special education teacher.
Before that I wrote for various college and community newspapers. For nearly 2...(more)

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Comments

author avatar Mark Gordon Brown
1st Dec 2010 (#)

good information for parents to consider -
please also read the publication notes I sent as I offer many tips to improve the views you can get on this page.

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author avatar aesoplado
2nd Dec 2010 (#)

Safety will be my number one concern.

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author avatar Olorunfemi kayode
25th Aug 2011 (#)

can we classify factors that is affecting learning into two major parts as 'internal and external factors'?

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author avatar Efe precious Ehigiamusoe
26th Aug 2011 (#)

I love the information you took time to share on line its good for both teachers and parents to consider when aiding students in learning

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author avatar Metrick
15th Nov 2011 (#)

i appreciates your information onon this subject

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author avatar Julijana
26th Nov 2011 (#)

Can I somehow get in touch with the author of the book? Thank you

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author avatar Masoudy
28th Nov 2011 (#)

The above information is more useful in helping the learner but there are other social factors that can affect learning,like Ideology and technology.The author has to take this also into consideration.

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author avatar Ndlovu sebenele
15th Dec 2011 (#)

the above information is of good use to teachers,parents and learners but the author have to divide them in to internal and external factors

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author avatar Ndlovu sebenele
15th Dec 2011 (#)

the above information is of good use to teachers,parents and learners but the author have to divide them in to internal and external factors

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author avatar Sneha sharma
22nd Feb 2012 (#)

appreciable information regarding the learning process.

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author avatar Alice
6th Mar 2012 (#)

thanks for this info... can i have this idea for my research..thank you

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author avatar Yibala christopher
8th Mar 2012 (#)

This work has really help to develop a higher mentality on the development of a child's learning abilities. Its a privilege to login to this web page.

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author avatar Prajneel paras
14th Mar 2012 (#)

this information is really helpful to enable teachers and parents to find these areas and work out solutions to improve on them.

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author avatar Jezon banzuela
15th May 2012 (#)

i really appreciate the information above

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author avatar Abraham I
6th Jul 2012 (#)

It has helped M̶̲̥̅̊ε̲̣̣̣̥ †̥ solve my students assinment. But like other have pointed out, division into internal α̲̅πϑ external will enhance its beauty.

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author avatar Abraham I
6th Jul 2012 (#)

It has helped M̶̲̥̅̊ε̲̣̣̣̥ †̥ solve my students assinment. But like other have pointed out, division into internal α̲̅πϑ external will enhance its beauty.

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author avatar Baloyi john
13th Sep 2012 (#)

I like this but i dont get information im looking for

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author avatar Rachael
18th Jan 2013 (#)

I appreciate the above information. It has helped me in my research. Please, if there's information on Administrative strategies and students interest in agricultural science. Please forward it to my e-mail, i will be greatiful.

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author avatar Onyi
30th Jan 2013 (#)

Tanx for this wonderful infomation. Honestly, this means a lot to me cos am going to make use of it for my assignment

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author avatar Doreen matet
19th Feb 2013 (#)

wonderfull information to in touch with,but it will be more sensible if can be classified into external and internal factors....but it encourages alot...

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author avatar Motlatsi
18th Mar 2013 (#)

can you please discuss goal setting as one of the variables that affect learning in the classroom?

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author avatar Dawit Yikealo
8th Apr 2013 (#)

i like this information, it's really precise and to the point. i will use it in my class psychology of learning.

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author avatar Dawit Yikealo
8th Apr 2013 (#)

can you please forward more information that differetiate formal learning from any other informal ways?

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author avatar Saloni metili
11th May 2013 (#)

i appreciate this information,but how about env.factors?

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author avatar Adamu abdullahi rabiu
18th May 2013 (#)

what are the factors affecting child learning in africa/ nigeria

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author avatar AMINU USMAN RIMI
4th Jun 2013 (#)

sir! u ar sincerely happy about ur comments.so;sir what about social factors affecting students learning.

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author avatar AMINU USMAN RIMI
4th Jun 2013 (#)

sir! ur answer is awlcm sth to me

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author avatar Muneshwar jamwal
25th Aug 2013 (#)

Educative process and the factor affecting it

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author avatar Kipyego hillary
20th Sep 2013 (#)

The source is informative and so essential just categorizing needs to be done i.e home,individual,school,social,economic e.t.c

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author avatar Asrat baza
1st Nov 2013 (#)

wow appriciete more because i think explanation rised within this point

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author avatar Gilbert kongolo
23rd Aug 2014 (#)

I really appreciate this sharing and I agree with at 100% on the fact that the willingness of the learners play a capital point .Because every learner is in the centre of is own education. We have seen children from poor uneducated background making it in life.so it is about self motivation and willingness.

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